Mongolian Cinema is amidst the most valuable, most passionate and the most…undiscovered amidst Asian Cinemas. Mongolia is one of Asia’s top movie producers with more than 50 titles released every year, and owns one of the best preserved cinema Archives of the world.
Birth of Mongolian Cinema has been turbulent though. Mongolia has been under Chinese control since Mongol Princes accepted Manchurian domination in 1691. In the early 20th century, the late Qing government encourages Han Chinese colonization of Mongolian lands. As a result, more than 500 shops open across the country and help importing cinema. The first public screenings are being organized as soon as 1903. With the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911, Outer Mongolia declares independence and gets close to Bolshevik Russia. Prime Minister (Prince) Tögs-Ochiryn Namnansüren orders Russian movies to be screened throughout whole country. In 1921, Mongolian People's Party (future Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party) defeats last Chinese forces and proclaims independence. Mongolia becomes a Russian satellite stat, adopting Communist model without being officially occupied.